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Understanding Cannabidiol

What is Cannabidiol (CBD) Oil?

Cannabidiol is one of the most well-known, non-psychoactive cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. CBD binds to receptors in your immune system, providing a variety of medicinal benefits. It was originally patented by the United States Government in 2003 as a neuroprotectant and antioxidant.

CBD oil is obtained by extracting CBD from the hemp plant using a process in which CO2 is at a low temperature, under high pressure. By doing this, CO2 is captured in a liquid state, drawing out CBD and terpenes from the hemp plant.

What are CBD oil effects?

CBD, along with other cannabinoids, interact with CB1 and CB2 receptors within the human endocannabinoid system to regulate homeostasis. CBD is also known for its ability to influence physiological functions including sleep, mood, memory, pain modulation, immune function, cardiovascular function and inflammatory response.

Why does CBD oil purity matter?

CBD oils are widely available throughout the United States and require no formal FDA approval or ongoing regulation like pharmaceutical products require. Many CBD oil manufacturers may utilize poor quality cannabidiol ingredients, add unnecessary additives to the product and employ subpar extraction and processing practices, all of which could sacrifice the quality and therapeutic potential of the product.

What are CBD oil side effects?

There are no known CBD oil side effects; CBD is well tolerated among patients with a wide variety of health concerns. If a person experiences side effects from CBD oil, it is generally due to impurities in the oil and poor manufacturing processes. This can be avoided by purchasing a high-quality CBD oil from a trusted manufacturer like Green Roads Wellness.

Is CBD oil legal?

CBD manufactured from hemp is legal in the United States. The head of the DEA, Chuck Rosenberg, stated that hemp farmers and hemp that is grown in accordance with the US Farm Bill is safe from the DEA. More specifically, American hemp grown in accordance with the US Farm Bill as well as products derived from it, such as hemp CBD oil, hemp CBD isolate, hemp CBD crystals, hemp CBD edibles, hemp CBD water solubles, and any other hemp CBD products, are protected from the DEA.

Understanding Terpenes

What are terpenes?

Terpenes are organic, aromatic molecules produced in the resin of the hemp plant along with cannabinoids, and are responsible for its fragrances, flavors, and color. There are more than 100 different terpenes within the hemp plant; their main goals are to protect the plant from predators and attract pollinators.

Terpenes are also found in other living organisms, such as plants, herbs, and fruits, and serve similar protective purposes in each. When terpenes are dried, they are referred to as terpenoids, a name commonly used interchangeably with terpenes.

Why are terpenes important?

Terpenes, like cannabinoids, offer medicinal benefits when extracted from the hemp plant and are thought to have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.

Terpenes bind to cannabinoid receptors in the brain and work synergistically with cannabinoids to mediate stress, mood and the ability to focus.

CBD vs THC

What is the difference between THC and CBD?

THC and CBD are the two main cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. The main difference between the two cannabinoids is that THC is psychoactive and responsible for the “high” feeling associated with smoking marijuana, while CBD is not.

Psychoactivity occurs because THC is a CB1 receptor agonist. When THC is introduced to the body, it binds well with CB1 receptors in the brain and mimics a cannabinoid produced naturally by the body called anandamide, known as the bliss cannabinoid. Anandamide is known to increase appetite and mood and is involved in functions like memory and motivation.

Conversely, CBD does not bind well with CB1 receptors and is considered a CB1 antagonist, actually working to suppress the effects of THC. 

Does CBD get you high?

No, CBD does not get you high. In fact, CBD works to counteract the psychoactive effects of THC, the cannabinoid responsible for the high feeling. CBD oil is non-addictive and you cannot overdose as a result of taking the oil.

Can you fail a drug test due to CBD?

Marijuana drug tests collect urine samples to test them for THC. If the product you consume contains only CBD, then it is unlikely you would test positive for marijuana. Even trace amounts of THC in a CBD product are unable to trigger a positive drug test result because the drug tests set thresholds for THC around 50ng/mL.

CBD Dosage & Usage

What is the proper dosage for CBD oil?

CBD is measured in milligrams (MG) for quantitative purposes. Research is showing that about 5-10MG daily is a good intake of CBD to activate your CBD receptors. If someone is suffering from a more serious illness, then 20-40MG daily is recommended. Your healthcare provider can help establish a dose which will work best for you.

How much CBD is in each Green Road’s product?

CBD is measured by the TOTAL MG of CBD divided by the volume of content in each bottle, or unit.

For example: 350MG, 15 ML CBD OIL

350MG/ 15ML = Estimated ratio of 23.3 MG PER 1 ML of CBD OIL (2.3%)

How long does it take for CBD oil to work?

Depending on the potency of the CBD oil, the time it takes to become effective may vary. Many patients report anywhere from 20 minutes to 1 hour for the CBD oil to take effect. Because CBD does not produce psychoactive results, patients may not notice the exact moment where a change in symptoms occurs, unless its use is in pain relief.